Establishment of a Functional Animal Identification and Registration (AIR) System in Armenia




Armenia/Kotayk, Aragatsotn, Gegharkunik, Shirak, Lori, Tavush, Ararat, Armavir, Vayots Dzor, Syunik

Planned Project execution period:

01 December 2021 - 31 May 2025

Agriculture plays a key role in economic and social life of Armenia. In 2018, about 37% of Armenia’s population lived in rural areas, and 1/3 of the total labor force was employed in agriculture. There were around 230-250,000 households living in villages. Approximately one third of the county’s total labor force was employed in agriculture.

Animal identification and registration is the base of any future system for food safety, animal health and animal breeding. For this reason, there is a growing demand for identification of livestock and livestock products, from origin to consumption. Animal identification and animal traceability are tools for addressing animal health (including zoonosis), food safety and animal breeding issues. These tools can significantly improve the effectiveness of activities such as the management of disease outbreaks and food safety incidents, vaccination programs, animal husbandry, zoning or compartmentalization, surveillance, early response and notification systems. They can also improve animal movement control, inspection, certification, fair practices in trade and utilization of veterinary drugs, feed and pesticides at the farm, traceability of animals and products of animal origin, animal welfare and productivity.

All above mentioned factors will have a significant impact on economic development by creating new trade opportunities, as well as improve the quality of production, animal productivity, and export of livestock products, farm incomes and consumer health nationwide.

In general, there is a lack of experience and understanding of the AIR system among all stakeholders in the country: lack of experience among government officials responsible for designing and operating the sustainable animal identification and registration system, lack of knowledge and skills among veterinarians to implement the system, and lack of awareness among farmers and consumers regarding the benefits of the system.

CARD in collaboration with RA MoE has formulated a project that will establish a functional and sustainable animal identification and registration system based on the needs and requirements of the project stakeholders. The proposed AIR project will enable producers to produce more and safer products, and to access international markets. It will prevent unsafe food movement, ensuring quick and accurate handling of emergencies. It will enable public and private agencies to access animal movement data and better monitor health and breeding activities.  

The overarching long-term impact of the proposed project is: Improved animal health, food safety, higher productivity, trade and farm income.

To achieve this impact, the project entails the following outcome:

Countrywide animal identification and registration (AIR) system established and functioning.

The following four outputs are expected to be achieved as a result of the project implementation:

  1. Improved regulatory framework in the field of AIR and effective application of that framework
  2. Improved infrastructure to facilitate the establishment of a user-friendly/practical /simple and sustainable AIR system
  3. Strengthened technical and organizational capacities of state officials, veterinarians and livestock farmers on AIR, food safety, farm management, animal pedigree breeding, environmental protection and animal welfare/protection
  4. Enhanced benefits for women to become aware of their economic, labor and human rights.